Al-Azhar Mosque

Al-Azhar Mosque

Al–Azhar Mosque Facts | Al Azhar Mosque History | Al Azhar Mosque Cairo
Al-Azhar Mosque
If you are a lover of ancient Islamic heritage or interested in wonderful archaeological sites, you should visit Al-Azhar Mosque.

Al-Azhar Mosque is a scientific lighthouse and represents a long history of glory. Al-Azhar Mosque is a historical mosque built in the Fatimid era. This building is located among an ancient historical area. This area is filled with ancient Islamic history.

The region in which Al-Azhar Mosque was built, has Khan Al-Khalili, Al-Hussein Mosque and Al-Azhar Al-Sharif. In a short time, you can visit these places located in one area Al-Azhar Mosque is a very old mosque built on the unique Islamic style.

In the mosque yard you can breathe the smell of the past and the Islamic heritage. You can wander in the huge historical rooms decorated with Islamic inscriptions and motifs.

The history of the establishment Al-Azhar Mosque
Al-Azhar mosque is a beacon for knowledge and scholars. It is the most important mosques and the oldest one in Egypt. If you search for it on the Internet or in historical books, you will know that it is one of the most important historical mosques in the world.

Al-Azhar Mosque is a great source to spread Islam. It is a part of The Egyptian Islamic monuments It was built during the era of the Fatimid state and was founded by the leader Jawhar al-Siqali in 969.

This leader was a great Fatimid leader who prepared a large palace from the Fatimid caliph al-Muizz in order to live in Cairo.

The reason for the construction of the Al-Azhar Mosque was the one in which the Caliph prayed and the idea of establishing Al-Azhar Mosque was to be a unique landmark for Cairo, such as the Mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulun in the city of Al-Qata’i.

The purpose of establishing Al-Azhar Mosque was not only for praying, but to be an educational center to teach students religious and cultural curriculum.

At the beginning of the matter, Al-Azhar Al-Sharif was spreading the Shiite doctrine, after the fall of the Fatimid state and Salah El-din coming to Egypt. The mosque was transformed from the Shiite doctrine into the Sunni doctrine.

The construction of the Al-Azhar mosque has evolved and its features changed from one period to another, but it will remain an archaeological site among the sites built by the Fatimid state.

Al-Azhar is a mosque and a university
The role of Al-Azhar was not only a religious role, but a long time ago, science circles were available in Al-Azhar Mosque in its wide yard. scholars held circles of knowledge, and memorization of the Holy Quran, jurisprudence, interpretation, Arabic literature the sciences of the Qur’an and other useful sciences.

After the fall of the Fatimid state and the establishment of the Ayyubid state, Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi appeared, who wanted to end the Shiite doctrine in Egypt and turn it into a Sunni doctrine.

The Ayyubid religion spread the Sunni doctrine in Egypt. After the establishment of the Mamluk state, Sultan Al-Zahir Baybars reopened Al-Azhar Mosque to be a center for knowledge and spreading the teachings of Islam. Al-Azhar Al-Sharif presented the Sunni doctrine. Al-Azhar transformed into a university in 1961.

Al-Azhar University was the first Arab and Islamic university to study religious knowledge and Al-Azhar is now the beacon of knowledge and scholars.

Al-Azhar Mosque and its wonderful building is the most beautiful site in Egypt.

The reason for calling it Al Azhar
The Fatimid Leader, Jawhar al-Siqli, was the one who founded the city of Cairo and named it Mansouriya. Jawhar al siqli was preparing Mansouriya to be the capital of the Fatimid state.

At this time, Al-Azhar Mosque was called the Mosque of Mansuriyya.  After The caliph coming, he changed the name of Mansouriya in to Cairo so the name of the mosque changed into the mosque of Cairo.

After that the name changed into Al Azhar which means the Enlightening, this was during the period between the rule of the Caliph Al-Muizz and the Aziz Caliph.

It is said that Al-Azhar was named after Mrs. Fatima Al-Zahra, the daughter of the Messenger, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, and the wife of the Commander of the Faithful, Ali bin Abi Talib.

Architecture in Al-Azhar Mosque
Al-Azhar Mosque is a mixture of different activities of construction methods. Many of the architecture arts were used for in different ages in history. AL Azhar was built Similar to some buildings outside Egypt. The Fatimids used the construction methods that they used in Africa.

The Ottomans used their method for the construction. The Mamluk built the domes, during their rule in Egypt, therefore Al-Azhar Mosque is a common product of many architecture styles.

At first, the mosque was a hall that had five corridors and around this hall there was a yard surrounded by three Arcana. The gates of Al-Azhar Mosque were made In the era of the Fatimid state Al-Azhar mosque was 85 meters in length, 169 in width, and there is a courtyard and three corridors lead to a hall for prayer.

Columns were used in the corridors that lead to the prayer hall. There were three domes in this mosque, but these domes were destroyed in the era of Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi .

During the rule of the Ayyubid state, there were no renovations in the Al-Azhar Mosque because Saladin did not trust Al-Azhar at that time because it was Shiite.

when the Mamluks ruled, there were many additions in the mosque, and during the Mamluk era, the angle of the mihrab was corrected.

The minarets of the Al-Azhar Mosque
There is a minaret which is one of the most beautiful heritage artifacts that was built in 1483 in the form of a pillar.

It is said that this minaret replaced another one was built in bricks in the Fatimid era, and it had a lot of mistakes. there is also a minaret that was built in 1509 by Qansuh al-Ghuri. This minaret is double-headed .it has Square base, and the upper part in the form of two pillars.

Al Azhar is still one of the most beautiful sites in Egypt so if you decide to visit Egypt, enjoy visiting this mosque.

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